— Volume 7 — Issue 12 — Bearly Bytes Online is Published on the First of Every Month —
The response from the membership on what types of training they would like to see at the Big Bear Computer Club meetings was very informative. We will do our best to cover as many subjects as we can over the next few months. Keep in mind that this is new for the computer club so it might be a little rocky to begin but like everything else, it will all work out. Keep those training topics coming so we can expand on our training. Reminder: If you have a laptop, bring it with you so you can have hands on training; if you don't have a laptop no need to worry, you can still learn from the training.
We are always looking for members who have knowledge of a specific topic that can be a moderator of a Special Interest Group (SIG) on his/her specific expertise. Don't be shy step up to the plate; we can use your help. It takes everyone in the club to help make these training sessions a success.
See you at our next Big Bear Computer Club Meeting on the 2nd Tuesday of the month which is January 8, 2008.
Here is wishing everyone Happy Holidays!
— Yomar Cleary
Election and Installation of Club's Officers at January Meeting
Thanks to Carole Allen for overseeing the Nomination Committee and providing us with the following nominees for 2008:
President — Yomar Cleary
Vice President — Karen Tangeman
Secretary — Rosemary Lloyd
Treasurer — Barbara Moore
Director-at-Large — Rick Edwards
Do You Have a Laptop? Bring it to the Meetings!
It’s not necessary to have a laptop at the meetings but it would be helpful, providing an opportunity for hands-on training.
Results from the Training Survey
We would like to thank everyone who filled out the survey asking for specific types of training at our meetings. We will break into small groups with a moderator to discuss a particular topic. Here is a sampling of what was requested:
Windows Control Panel
Desktop, Taskbars, and Tool Bars
Cut and Paste
Internet Basics and Browser Setup
Email and POP3 Setup
Creating a Blog
Making a Website
Wireless Router Setup
Microsoft Word and Excel
Don't Discard Your Used Printer Cartridges
Bring your empty printer cartridges to the meeting. The printer cartridge program is a BBCC fund-raiser that helps us purchase supplies and pay for Big Bear Computer Club expenses. Thank you for your participation.
November Meeting Door Prize Winners
Well, I thought the Holiday Party was a blast!!! I really had a good time. Good food, good learning session with Rosemary (thanks Rosemary!), good prizes, and good socializing with some great people!!! I would like to congratulate everyone who won a prize that night and the winner's are:
Priscilla Kent — DVD/CD/CDRW JPEG Player with Remote by GPX
Karen Tangeman — Microsoft Vista Ultimate
Bob Cleary — Logitech Cordless Desktop S510 plus Long Battery Life
Jim Applebury — Wireless Multimedia Keyboard & Mouse by Nexxtech
Ron Frost — Audio Zone 2.0 Amplified Speaker System by Kinyo
Doug MacIver — Mobile Optical Notebook Mouse by Gear Head
Phyllis Yeager — Optical Mouse by G. E.
Barbara Moore — CD Player by Durabrand
Harry Hinz — Spyware Killer Pro by Cosmi
Theresa Hulett — Mobility Mobile Surge Protector by iConcept
Georgio Naoum — 4-Port USB Hub by Micro Innovations
Bill Flanagan — 25 pack DVD+R by TDK
Bob Kopolow — Comic Life Deluxe by Plasq
Eberhardt Feigler — Comic Life Deluxe by Plasq
Ron Frost — 50/50 Winner ($15.00)
— Karen Tangeman
Word Tip: Automatically Printing an Envelope
You may already know how to create an envelope and add it to your document. For instance, if you are writing a letter and you create the envelope so it is saved in a file with the letter. Word allows you to quickly and easily print an envelope directly to your printer, if you so desire. You do this by following these steps:
Load your letter document.
Display the Envelopes and Labels dialog box. You do this in Word 97 and Word 2000 by choosing Tools | Envelopes and Labels. You do this in Word 2002 and Word 2003 by choosing Tools | Letters and Mailings | Envelopes and Labels. In Word 2007 you choose the Mailings tab from the ribbon and then click Envelopes within the Create group.
Make sure the Envelopes tab is selected. Make any changes desired in the delivery or return addresses.
Click on Print. The envelope is sent to your printer, and nothing is added to your document.
Insert an envelope in the manual feed tray of your printer.
Tip applies to Microsoft Word versions: 97, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2007
Excel Tip: Transferring an Older Personal.xls to Excel 2007
Billy's boss is getting a new PC, and he is responsible to get the system set up for her. Her old PC has Excel 2000, but the new system will have Excel 2007. He needs to get her old Personal.xls to the new PC, as it has all her macros in it. Billy wonders if he can just copy and paste Personal.xls from the old system to the new one.
The short answer is "probably not." Excel 2007 uses a new file format based on XML. It is best to have your Personal.xls file in the new format. That doesn't mean that you can't get the old information to the new system, however. The way you do that is to follow these general steps:
Copy the old Personal.xls file to the new system.
Rename it something else, such as OldPersonal.xls.
On the new system, start Excel and open the Excel 2007 Personal.xls file.
Open the OldPersonal.xls file.
Copy the macros from the old file to the new one.
Save the new Personal.xls file.
That should be it. Your macros will be on the new system.
Applies to Excel 97, 2000, 2002, 2003, and 2007
(Thanks to Steve Aprahamian for contributing to this tip.)
Three of My Favorite Free Programs
Over the years I’ve discovered that I can do most things on my computer using small free programs rather than the increasingly more expensive and complicated products put out by the big boys. I don’t run a business anymore, so the demands I make on my computer are much diminished. Mostly I maintain a few websites using PSPad (an excellent free text and code editor), I browse the web, read and send email, optimize jpegs for email or web, and I write now and then. None of these tasks require the need for fancy-schmancy software and the inevitable upgrade nuisance that comes with it. Here are two FREE programs that I use all the time for everyday stuff, and one I intend to use more.
Richard Salsbury calls the little program he wrote in 2001 a “word processor for creative writers.” I call it a godsend. For years I’ve been using it for almost everything I write, creative or otherwise. I wrote my review of Adobe Flash CS3 Professional in Rough Draft, and I’m writing this article in it. I haven’t had a need for a bloated word processing program like Microsoft Word since I retired from the business world at the turn of the century. Rough Draft is perfect for anyone who simply wants to write a letter, a journal, a poem, a shopping list, or even a novel. It doesn’t do tables or import graphics but it does have a spellchecker and most other handy features a decent word processor/text editor should have, including quick access to special characters so you can include things like ® and ñ in your writing without missing a beat.
The best thing is that it only saves in plain text (txt) or rich text formats (rtf), efficient file formats that nearly every program that handles text can understand and deal with, including your email program. It’s light on its feet, quick to load, and requires only a minimum of effort to learn.
I recently found this interesting little free text editor which is as elegant as it is simple. It functions more like a typewriter than any text editor I’ve ever worked with. For the nostalgic it can even be set to make funky typewriter sounds. Q10 features just the absolute basics for writing. You can’t format any individual bits of text but you can cut and paste, search and replace, undo, and get a running word count as you type.
A strangely appealing thing about it is that it takes up the entire screen. There’s nothing but a blank screen to type on— no scroll bar, no menu bars, not a single thing to distract a person from the writing task at hand, just a subtle info bar at the bottom of the screen which can be turned off. By pressing the F1 key you access a list of hot keys to perform some basic functions plus set some preferences like typing margins, font style and size, screen background color, text color, etc. To minimize it, you press alt-down arrow, and ctrl-q to quit. It has a spellcheck but no ability to print, strangely enough. To print your work you save it as plain text, then open the file in any other program that handles text. Or simply copy the text from Q10 and paste it into another program just as I did with these three paragraphs.
This could be the ideal program for folks like me who just want to write stuff and don’t give a squat about bells and whistles. After writing several thousand words in it, I’m hooked.
Many people email me pictures they’ve take with their snazzy digital cameras without realizing that the huge jpeg files those cameras produce are appropriate for getting crisp, detailed prints at the corner drugstore, but definitely not ideal for sending through cyberspace so I can admire them on my little notebook monitor. Each of these pictures might typically be several megabytes in size, and a few thousand pixels wide. My little notebook has a display that is 1024 pixels wide, and my patience is even narrower while I wait for those huge files to download. What I always hope to see are jpegs in the less than 700 pixel-width range, and a file size of under 70 kilobytes. The sender could easily accomplish this if he/she had an easy-to-use tool to modify the pictures and took a few minutes to discover how to use it.
I know that digital cameras come with photo handling software, that Windows has a program that does the same, that Google offers Picasa, that Adobe created Photoshop, etc., but the handiest way I’ve found so far to prepare a photo for emailing is by using FastStone’s Image Viewer. It’s even better than Irfanview.
With user-friendly FastStone one simply opens the camera’s original file, crops and resizes the photo, and then, when saving, remembers to click the ‘Options’ button to compress the file a bit more while observing how the compression effects the photo. All without a lot of superfluous clicking. FastStone hasn’t reinvented the wheel, they’ve just taken out the squeaks. Get it while it’s still freeware. Their excellent screen capture program has just become shareware, dang it. I still have the freeware install if anyone’s interested in the best screen capture utility around.
I would be happy to demonstrate how to download, install, and best use any one of the above mentioned programs during one of our club meetings.
— Bill Flanagan
Product Review: Corel Ulead DVD MovieFactory 6
On the Ulead website, they claim that DVD MovieFactory 6 is: "Easy-to-use disc authoring and burning software that lets you do more with your digital media. Create DVDs with studio-quality personalized menus. Use the new Edit Room to add polish to your videos, with titles, music and effects. Preserve your precious memories and share with family and friends."
Installation was semi-automatic. It also installed Visual Basic C++, NTSC Video standard set, Disk Recorder 2.3, Windows Media Encoder 9 series, AV Control SDK, DirectX, and AVControl SDK. This is a fairly demanding program in terms of minimum system requirements (see below) and hard disk space.
My goal in the review was to create a slideshow from photos I've taken. I found it quite easy to move photos into the project, add text to the photos, add a music track to the slideshow, add voice annotations to each slide, and add some transition effects. After the slideshow was created, I rearranged the photos into the order I desired. Then I hit the preview button to preview my slideshow. However, when I hit cancel for the preview, my entire slideshow was erased. I soon learned not to hit cancel but this is something the authors should change. After previewing the slideshow, and seeing it displayed just the way I wanted it on the screen, I simply hit the "burn" button and the DVD video was created. It was a slow process but the playback was perfect on my home computer and on the TV through a DVD player.
DVD MovieFactory 6 has many other features that I did not test. For instance, one can capture and edit DVD movies from digital movies. To capture video from a DV (digital video) or Digital 8 camcorder, one must have a video capture card with an IEEE 1394 interface. With this, it is also possible to copy video tapes (VCR) to DVD.
I would recommend this program to beginner through advanced computer users as a way to create a slideshow on a DVD with text, music, voice annotations, and transition effects.
Minimum system requirements
Intel® Pentium® IV 1.8 GHz, AMD Athlon™ XP 1800+
512 MB RAM (1GB or above recommended)
Microsoft® Windows® XP (SP2) Home Edition/Professional/x64 Edition, Microsoft® Windows® XP Media Center Edition , Microsoft® Windows® Vista™
900 MB hard disk free space for program installation
Windows® compatible display with 1024×768, 16-bit color graphics card; 24-bit or 32-bit true color recommended
Bob Kopolow has been a computer consultant for 27 years specializing in PCs for personal or small business use. He is experienced in computer security, purchasing PCs for clients, and replacing or adding hardware or software. He is a volunteer to the BBCC Hotline and lives full-time in Big Bear Lake. He owns and operates Equinox Tech Systems.
I must make a confession at this point. I am a very slow typist. The box in which this program came says you can create documents, e-mail and reports more than three times faster than typing. The comparison Nuance makes is at 40 words per minute. Since I have never typed faster than 23 words per minute I thought this would be a great program to have and I wasn’t wrong. However, it did require some work on my part.
Loading the program into the computer was fairly straightforward. You put in the discs into the reader and follow the prompts. You do, however, have to have at least a Pentium 4 or equivalent processor operating at 1 GHz. Nuance recommends 2.4 GHz. You also need 512 MB of RAM. I loaded a typical installation and it landed up being greater than 1.3 GB.
Before you begin using the program you have to create a user. A New User wizard comes up the first time you start the program and you just follow the prompts. The New User Wizard also leads you through setting up your microphone which you will use for your dictation.
At this point you start Initial Training. Initial Training involves reading aloud from a list of available texts. A yellow arrow shows you where to start reading from the texts. When the words change color, it means the computer has recognized your words. If the program doesn’t recognize your words, the arrow stays at the point it last understood what you said and you need to read the words again. The book says you only need to read for about five minutes to train the program to recognize your voice. I think it took about 10 for me. Maybe I was slurring a little bit.
After learning to recognize your voice, the New User Wizard prompts you to adapt the program to your writing style. Dragon NaturallySpeaking does this by scanning the documents in your “My Documents Directory”.
You have the option of skipping the entire section of the New User Wizard application.
You are now ready to start dictating and you’d better have a sense of humor because sometimes what you say and what comes out on the page are not the same and in fact can be very funny. I coughed one time and the computer printed …yeah, yeah, yeah… like in the Beatles song.
From this point forward, it’s a matter of using the program and getting used to it. The book says not to worry about mistakes at this point because the program improves as you use it and I found this to be true.
When you are learning or relearning to dictate, you frequently have to stop and gather your thoughts. NaturallySpeaking helps in this instance because when you want to pause and stop the program from listening to you temporarily, all you have to say is “go to sleep” or “stop listening”. To start dictating again you tell the computer to “wake up” or “listen to me”.
To dictate a new document all you have to do is start a word processing program and make sure your cursor is where you want to begin your computer to start writing on your blank page and start talking. It’s really that simple.
The program can automatically add commas and periods at the appropriate places without your having to explicitly speak that punctuation. For other punctuation such as question marks, colons, new paragraphs, etc you have to actually dictate the punctuation.
Like any other program, the more you use it the better you get at it. Suffice to say that if you want to write it, this program allows you to dictate it.
Naturally Speaking come with a handy quick start card and a book that has additional features which can be learned as you advance in your knowledge and use of the program.
The one complaint I have about the program is that the adjustable headset microphone that comes with it is too tight and feels like it was made for someone who uses a size 3 hat.
My wife and I have lived in Big Bear for over ten years and just love it. My involvement with computers began in 1982 when I started a video store. I loaded the inventory and records on only two (2) 5 1/4″ diskettes (remember CPM?). This included over 5,000 VHS and Beta Tapes along with VCR’s, Video Discs, Big Screen TVs, etc. For the last 19 years my main volunteer time has been as a Search and Rescue Pilot for the Civil Air Patrol, USAF Auxiliary. I also serve as the Vice Chair of Finance of the Chamber of Commerce and a member of Mountain Mutual Aid. My wife and I enjoy Dog Shows and trail riding on our horses. I work for Countrywide Home Loans.
Product Review: Adobe Flash CS3 Professional
This product is the latest incarnation of a program originally written by Macromedia to create animated content for websites. Here’s how Adobe heralds this product:
“Adobe® Flash® CS3 Professional software is the most advanced authoring environment for creating rich, interactive content for digital, web, and mobile platforms. Create interactive websites, rich media advertisements, instructional media, engaging presentations, games, and more. Designers and developers working on both Macintosh and Windows® systems depend on Flash and the ubiquitous Adobe Flash Player software to ensure their content reaches the widest possible audience.”
It also integrates with Adobe’s Photoshop and Illustrator, but I have neither of those programs installed on my computer at this time.
We’ve all visited websites that contain some Flash content. Those animated banner ads vying for your attention amidst a clutter of content and other ads are usually created in Flash, as are video players commonly in use like at YouTube. Many web designers create entire websites in Flash, sometimes simply to impress themselves and other Flash gurus. Granted, those Flash websites have a ‘wow’ factor, but are usually slower to load and no more informative than a page created by traditional methods. Entertainment, not information, seems to be the point of some Flash sites. However, there’s no denying that Flash content, when used tastefully and in moderation, can be an effective and appealing way to augment information on a website.
This old webmaster has always been curious about Flash, so I decided to take advantage of our club’s Review Program and give Adobe Flash CS3 Professional a test drive. This is a $700 program, so Adobe wasn’t about to send me a box with install disks. No, I had to download a trial version first, use it for the allowable 30 days, then write a review before I had any hope of actually having my very own copy of the program to keep. Those of you thinking about downloading the trial version, bear in mind that its file size is over 400 megabytes, so give yourself maybe two hours for download and install using a phone DSL connection. A cable broadband connection might be faster for the download, but the install itself took me over forty minutes even though I could only install the basic portion of it. I lacked sufficient hard drive space for the entire package. This install program is pretty hefty, sizewise.
Throughout the many years of my love-hate relationship with computers I’ve tackled many a daunting software program just by poking around in it, never needing to open a manual or take a tutorial. Adobe Flash CS3 is a different kind of animal. I didn’t find anything especially intuitive about its interface, and had no idea how to jump right in. There was no getting around it— for this program a tutorial was necessary. I found a basic one on Adobe’s site.
Actually, there was something I really wanted to do using Flash. A simple thing. I wanted to create a little audio play button that appealed to my sensibilities. Many web pages have audio files embedded in them that are played by clicking a link or whatever, but those audio files usually open on a separate page, or in a popup player like RealPlayer, QuickTime, or Windows Media Player. I prefer the nifty ways Flash handles audio files, streaming them with the click of a button, and stopping them with another click while never leaving the webpage or popping up an obnoxious media player window.
Having Adobe Flash CS3 Professional at my disposal gave me an opportunity to create an audio play widget. How hard could it be? But to do this I needed another tutorial. A Google search turned up a few, and I picked the one that looked the least confusing. Silly me.
I remembered my father telling me that struggle is the only teacher that mattered, so I persevered. Hours later I’d finally created an audio button that actually worked to my satisfaction. The easiest part was creating the button icons. I found Flash CS3 Pro’s drawing capabilities to be rather intuitive, given my previous drawing program experience. The hardest part was figuring out some necessary ActionScript coding which I eventually managed by trial and error.
Encouraged, I decided to create a simple slideshow kind of thing, with pictures fading in, then fading out to the next one. Using the little knowledge I gained from the first two exercises, this endeavor was easy enough, but getting the slideshow to pause when the cursor was over a picture involved more Googling and head scratching before I was able to incorporate a little bit of ActionScripting to make it happen.
Even though I was able to complete these few simple exercises, I still felt lost in the program. Adobe’s website provides various tutorials, some in video, but most of them are concerned with more advanced uses of the program requiring ActionScript coding that is beyond my understanding. To get just a basic overview of Flash CS3 Pro, I ended up buying and reading the book, Flash CS3 for Dummies, which gave me a better feel for the program’s workings. Then I began to play around in the program with a newfound sense of confidence. Here’s one of my early efforts created just by winging it, using no ActionScript:
Contriving the above bit of foolishness taught me enough to try something even more involved, again without using ActionScript:
And this simple quickie, using a few scraps of ActionScript to make the button function properly. It’s incredible how small these Flash ‘movie’ files are if jpgs and audio files aren’t embedded. This one is only 11kb:
There is no question that a web designer or developer experienced in using previous versions of Adobe Flash software will do remarkable things with CS3 Pro, but a newbie such as myself will require a very long period of intensive study before whipping out some impressive web content in Flash. Others, with a curiosity similar to mine and no previous experience, will probably find the new install price of $699 a copy too steep to give it a try. Those with previous Adobe Flash software installs can upgrade to Flash CS3 Professional for $199, which is great if you’re a professional and can amortize the cost into your job billing, plus write it off at tax time. It’s almost as if Adobe intended this product specifically for professionals, pricing it beyond the practical reach of dilettantes like me, or much younger folks who, once conversive with the program, would be in the market for upgrades many years in the future. There are some budding creative geniuses out there just waiting to be inspired by a media. It’s a shame this one may be priced out of contention.
I give this program an A+ for capabilites, and a C- for learnability if you factor in the esoteric nature of ActionScript. However, there’s a lot this program can do without a need for ActionScript, and the longer I noodled with it, the more fun I found myself having. But ActionScript enables Flash CS3 Pro’s true power. If I’m ever going to tap into that power I guess I’ll have to buy a few more books.
Adobe Flash CS3 Professional
New copy price is $699
Upgrade pricing starts at $199
Intel® Pentium® 4, Intel Centrino®, Intel Xeon®, or Intel Core™ Duo (or compatible) processor
Microsoft® Windows® XP with Service Pack 2 or Windows Vista™ Home Premium, Business, Ultimate, or Enterprise (certified for 32-bit editions)
512MB of RAM (1GB recommended)
2.5GB of available hard-disk space (additional free space required during installation)
1,024×768 monitor resolution with 16-bit video card
QuickTime 7.1.2 software required for multimedia features
Internet or phone connection required for product activation
Broadband Internet connection required for Adobe Stock Photos and other services
Visit Adobe’s web page for Flash CS3 Professional Here.
— Bill Flanagan
Bill is a Big Bear Computer Club Board Member, and maintains the Club’s website which he created. His background is in technical art and graphic design, and he operated a printing/graphic design company in Long Beach for twenty years before retiring to Big Bear. He has been creating websites intermittently for over ten years.
Book Review: Adobe Photoshop CS3 Classroom in a Book
This book is 478 pages in length, complete with a CD-ROM comprised of 16 movie tutorials, and is, as its name implies, a complete classroom in a book. It is part of a best-selling series of hands-on software training workbooks.
The fourteen (14) lessons in the book cover most of the new Photoshop CS3 features including clone source, image analysis, smart filters, align content, vanishing point, zoomify and quick selection.
Having struggled to learn Photoshop CS3 for two months without the use of the workbook and CD-ROM, I found it very easy to learn from the book and CD-ROM once I’d received them. The CD-ROM, after loading, brings up an image in a before and after view. Following the lessons in the book teaches you stage-by-stage how to convert the before image to the after image in real time. By doing this, you learn what all the icons do and how each step changes the image bit-by-bit until you reach the finished image.
As you reach the end of each lesson, the book presents you with a list of review questions. Example: What does resolution mean? No, I am not going to give you the answer. For that, you will need to read the book.
In short, if you need to shorten the learning curve of Adobe Photoshop CS3 then this book and CD-ROM are a must have!
Adobe Photoshop CS3 Classroom in a Book
Includes training with Photoshop CS3 and CS3 Extended and 16 movie tutorials.
CD-ROM included for Windows and MAC OS.
Rick Edwards, an associate of The Royal Photographic Society, perfected his photography while living in Nairobi watching wildlife in the many parks in Kenya. During his last two years of his stay in Kenya he became the official photographer for the Kenya Wildlife Service. Rick’s work can be seen in numerous brochures, magazines, and books on wildlife and his beloved Kenya.
Club Member Product Review Program
Instead of listing a few review programs that are available, I would like to inform you that any program you are interested in and would like to install on your computer is probably available for review. All you have to do is ask for it and review it. The program could be on landscaping, any kind of crafts, digital photos, video, any kind of home decorating, games, office or accounting programs, gift cards, label, and printshop programs, any program you are interested in having. All you have to do is let me know which program you would like to review. I will then contact the vendor and it takes about 10 days to receive the program. Sometimes the vendor will grant the reviewer a license online and all the reviewer has to do is download the program. Reviews are not hard to write; in fact they are quite easy. You are given instructions on how to write a review plus I have many samples you can look at. Also if you need any help all you have to do is e-mail or call me. Writing a review is like telling someone about the new program you just received. You tell them what you like about the program, what you don't like, and how the program could be better, that's it. There's your review. And you can review books, also.
— Karen Tangeman, Review Editor
November 2007 General Meeting Notes
Club President Yomar Cleary welcomed all of the members. She then introduced guests. Karen talked about the review program.
Members brought wonderful food for the holiday potluck. While we ate, there was a slideshow of photos from past meetings accompanied by Christmas music.
After the meal, Rosemary Lloyd gave a demonstration of the Club website. With assistance from Bill, the webmaster, and other members, we looked at some of the features on the site. From the main page, we learned how to set BigBearCC.org as your homepage in Internet Explorer and Firefox browsers. After that, we clicked on the 'Newsletter' tab. The most recent newsletters are online, so we clicked the 'Read Bearly Bytes Online' link. We used the search functions. All of the articles can be viewed individually if desired. Click on the title of the article or click the 'More' link at the end of the initial paragraph.
After looking at the club web site, we talked about what type of training the members are interested in. Everyone received a checklist of various potential topics. They were invited to add to the list if they desired. Yomar asked everyone to turn them in by the end of the evening.
There were opportunity drawings approximately every 20 minutes during the gathering. Many fine items were handed to members.
There isn't much more news to report. The meeting was a time of fellowship and good eating, with a little brainstorming thrown in.
Bearly Bytes, past winner of SWUGC & APCUG newsletter contests. is the official publication of the Big Bear Computer Club. Views expressed in Bearly Bytes are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Big Bear Computer Club. Other computer user groups are welcome to reprint our articles as long as they give credit to the author and Bearly Bytes, Big Bear Computer Club.
Submissions: All BBCC members are encouraged to send letters, articles, questions, and comments to Bearly Bytes for inclusion in future issues. Submit as plain text in the body of an email and attach any graphics as JPEG or GIF format. Send to Yomar Cleary, ycleary • charter.net.